Synthesis and Electronic Applications of Particle-Templated Ti3C2Tz MXene-Polymer Films via Pickering Emulsion Polymerization.
Additional Document Info
MXene/polymer composites have gained widespread attention due to their high electrical conductivity and extensive applications, including electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, energy storage, and catalysis. However, due to the difficulty of dispersing MXenes in common polymers, the fabrication of MXene/polymer composites with high electrical conductivity and satisfactory EMI shielding properties is challenging, especially at low MXene loadings. Here, we report the fabrication of MXene-armored polymer particles using dispersion polymerization in Pickering emulsions and demonstrate that these composite powders can be used as feedstocks for MXene/polymer composite films with excellent EMI shielding performance. Ti3C2Tz nanosheets are used as the representative MXene, and three different monomers are used to prepare the armored particles. The presence of nanosheets on the particle surface was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Hot pressing the armored particles above Tg of the polymer produced Ti3C2Tz/polymer composite films; the films are electrically conductive because of the network of nanosheets templated by the particle feedstocks. For example, the particle-templated Ti3C2Tz/polystyrene film had an electrical conductivity of 0.011 S/cm with 1.2 wt % of Ti3C2Tz, which resulted in a high radio frequency heating rate of 13-15 C/s in the range of 135-150 MHz and an EMI shielding effectiveness of 21 dB within the X band. This work provides a new approach to fabricate MXene/polymer composite films with a templated electrical network at low MXene loadings.