The objective of this study was to evaluate nutrition before and after artificial insemination (AI) on follicular dynamics, expression of estrus, and steroidogenesis. Seventy-nine beef heifers were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments (High;155% and Low;86% of maintenance energy) 30d prior to AI. Estrus was synchronized (PG 6-d CIDR protocol) and heifers received AI (d0) 8 to 12h following onset of estrus. On d0, heifers were randomly reassigned diets generating four Pre-x-Post-AI nutritional treatments; High-High (HH, n = 20), High-Low (HL, n = 20), Low-High (LH, n = 19), and Low-Low (LL, n = 20). Heifers remained on new diet treatments until embryo collection (flush; d7-8). Blood samples were collected daily from d-3 to d0, and on d1, 3, 5, 7 and 8 for plasma concentrations of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4). Dominant follicle diameter was evaluated on d-3 and d0, and CL diameter was recorded at flush. Statistical analyses were completed in SAS using the MIXED (body weight, E2, P4), GLIMMIX (expression of estrus), and GLM (ovarian parameters, interval to estrus) procedures. There were Pre-AI (P > 0.0001) and Post-AI by time (P > 0.0001) interactions on body weight; heifers in high and low treatments gained and lost weight, respectively, during both periods. Estradiol concentrations increased (P > 0.0001) from d-3 (2.18±0.15pg/mL) to d0 (6.05±0.04pg/mL). Pre-AI diet increased the proportion of heifers in estrus (80±6.3% vs. 59±7.9%; P = 0.05), and dominant follicle size (11.7±1.42mm vs. 10.68±1.33mm; P = 0.0016) in High vs. Low, respectively. Additionally, High Pre-AI heifers had greater P4 after AI compared to Low Pre-AI heifers (4.85±0.37ng/mL vs. 3.53±0.38ng/mL; P = 0.015). Post-AI treatment did not influence concentrations of P4 (P = 0.88). There was no effect of Pre, Post or Pre-x-Post-AI treatment on initial follicle size, follicle growth rate, E2 concentrations, interval to estrus, or CL size at flush (P < 0.10). In conclusion, nutrient restriction before AI negatively impacted ovarian function, steroidogenesis, and expression of estru.