Catalyst Recovery, Regeneration and Reuse during Large-Scale Disinfection of Water Using Photocatalysis Academic Article uri icon


  • The deployment of photocatalysis for remediation of water has not yet been realized, although laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated promise. Accomplishing this requires the development of photocatalysis as a process, including studying its efficiencies in remedying water when high volumes of water are processed, and addressing the recovery, possible regeneration and reuse of the photocatalysts. To that end, this work is aimed at demonstrating the use of a custom-built mobile platform for disinfecting large quantities of water. The benchtop platform built is capable of processing 15.14 L (4 gallons) per minute of water, with possibility for further scale-up. Preliminary studies on the catalyst recovery, regeneration and reuse via gravity-assisted settling, centrifugation and air plasma treatment indicated that 77% of Aeroxide P25 titania (TiO2) nanoparticle and 57% of porous TiO2 nanowire photocatalysts could be recovered and regenerated for further use. Overall, this study indicated that process improvements, including increasing the kinetics of the photocatalysis, and optimization of the efficacies of the catalyst recovery and regeneration processes will make it useful for water remediation on any scale. More importantly, the portable and flexible nature of the benchtop photocatalysis system makes it amenable for use in conjunction with existing technologies for remedying large quantities of water.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Bockenstedt, J., Vidwans, N. A., Gentry, T., & Vaddiraju, S.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Bockenstedt, Jonathan||Vidwans, Niraj Ashutosh||Gentry, Terry||Vaddiraju, Sreeram

publication date

  • September 2021