Characterizing circulating nucleosomes in the plasma of dogs with hemangiosarcoma Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract Background Nucleosomes consist of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer core like thread on a spool to condense DNA as chromatin into chromosomes. Diseases such as cancer or inflammation lead to cell death, chromatin fragmentation and release of nucleosomes into the blood. The Nu.Q™ platform measures circulating nucleosomes in the blood of humans that result from disease and has been used to detect and identify cancer even at early stages. The objectives of this study are to quantify and better characterize nucleosomes in dogs with various stages of hemangiosarcoma (HSA) using this ELISA-based assay. Samples from 77 dogs with a confirmed diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma and 134 healthy controls were utilized for this study. The HSA samples were recruited from the Texas A&M University Small Animal Clinic (TAMU-SAC) or purchased from biobanks. All control samples were recruited from the TAMU-SAC. Results Dogs with hemangiosarcoma had a 6.6-fold increase in their median plasma nucleosome concentrations compared to controls (AUC 92.9 %). Elevated nucleosome concentrations were seen at all stages of disease and nucleosome concentrations increased with the stage of the disease. Conclusions Plasma nucleosome concentrations are a reliable way to differentiate dogs with hemangiosarcoma from healthy dogs. Further testing is underway to better characterize cancer associated HSA circulating nucleosomes and optimize future diagnostics for canine HSA detection.

published proceedings

  • BMC Veterinary Research

altmetric score

  • 11.15

author list (cited authors)

  • Wilson-Robles, H., Miller, T., Jarvis, J., Terrell, J., Kelly, T. K., Bygott, T., & Bougoussa, M.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Wilson-Robles, Heather||Miller, Tasha||Jarvis, Jill||Terrell, Jason||Kelly, Theresa Kathleen||Bygott, Thomas||Bougoussa, Mhammed

publication date

  • December 2021