Enhanced fluorescence for in situ temperature mapping of photothermally heated aluminum nanoparticles enabled by a plasmonic grating substrate.
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In situ dynamic temperature mapping of photothermally heated aluminum nanoparticles (Al NPs) embedded in a fluoropolymer (THV) is achieved using fluorescent dye (rhodamine 6G). A plasmonic grating substrate enhances the dye fluorescence intensity by a factor of seven over a glass substrate, to enable image capture rates of 500 frames per second. Further, the fluorescence intensity is linearly related to temperature and reversible. Photothermal heating of embedded Al NPs using a 2380 W cm-2 incident flux produced an Al NP heating rate of 1.2104 C s-1. Localized Al NP motion was also observed and attributed to thermal expansion and melting of the polymer. Multiphysics simulation provided agreement with experimental observations, bolstering confidence in the technique. The plasmonic grating platforms were shown to significantly improve both fluorescence intensity and the photothermal heating of Al compared to glass substrates, opening a new path for fast and high-resolution in situ temperature mapping.