Investigation and Mitigation of Noise Contributions in a Compact Heterodyne Interferometer. Academic Article uri icon


  • We present a noise estimation and subtraction algorithm capable of increasing the sensitivity of heterodyne laser interferometers by one order of magnitude. The heterodyne interferometer is specially designed for dynamic measurements of a test mass in the application of sub-Hz inertial sensing. A noise floor of 3.3110-11m/Hz at 100 mHz is achieved after applying our noise subtraction algorithm to a benchtop prototype interferometer that showed a noise level of 2.7610-10m/Hz at 100 mHz when tested in vacuum at levels of 310-5 Torr. Based on the previous results, we investigated noise estimation and subtraction techniques of non-linear optical pathlength noise, laser frequency noise, and temperature fluctuations in heterodyne laser interferometers. For each noise source, we identified its contribution and removed it from the measurement by linear fitting or a spectral analysis algorithm. The noise correction algorithm we present in this article can be generally applied to heterodyne laser interferometers.

published proceedings

  • Sensors (Basel)

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, Y., Hines, A. S., Valdes, G., & Guzman, F.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Yanqi||Hines, Adam S||Valdes, Guillermo||Guzman, Felipe

publication date

  • August 2021