Intratumoral Delivery of STING Agonist Results in Clinical Responses in Canine Glioblastoma. Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: Activation of STING (stimulator of interferon genes) can trigger a robust, innate antitumor immune response in immunologically "cold" tumors such as glioblastoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A small-molecule STING agonist, IACS-8779, was stereotactically administered using intraoperative navigation intratumorally in dogs with spontaneously arising glioblastoma. The phase I trial used an escalating dose design, ascending through four dose levels (5-20 g). Treatment was repeated every 4-6 weeks for a minimum of two cycles. Radiographic response to treatment was determined by response assessment in neuro-oncology (RANO) criteria applied to isovoxel postcontrast T1-weighted MR images obtained on a single 3T magnet. RESULTS: Six dogs were enrolled and completed 1 cycle of treatment. One dog was determined to have an abscess and was removed from further analysis. One procedure-related fatality was observed. Radiographic responses were dose dependent after the first cycle. The first subject had progressive disease, whereas there was 25% volumetric reduction in one subject and greater than 50% in the remaining surviving subjects. The median progression-free survival time was 14 weeks (range: 0-22 weeks), and the median overall survival time was 32 weeks (range: 11-39 weeks). CONCLUSIONS: Intratumoral STING agonist (IACS-8779) administration was well tolerated in dogs with glioblastoma to a dose of 15 g. Higher doses of IACS-8779 were associated with radiographic responses.

published proceedings

  • Clin Cancer Res

altmetric score

  • 85.48

author list (cited authors)

  • Boudreau, C. E., Najem, H., Ott, M., Horbinski, C., Fang, D., DeRay, C. M., ... Heimberger, A. B.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Boudreau, C Elizabeth||Najem, Hinda||Ott, Martina||Horbinski, Craig||Fang, Dexing||DeRay, Chase M||Levine, Jonathan M||Curran, Michael A||Heimberger, Amy B

publication date

  • October 2021