Glycine Attenuates LPS-Induced Apoptosis and Inflammatory Cell Infiltration in Mouse Liver. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND:Liver dysfunction impairs immunological homeostasis. Glycine (Gly) has been reported to have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects and to regulate apoptosis in various models. OBJECTIVES:The aim of the present study was to determine whether Gly could attenuate LPS-induced liver injury. METHODS:In Experiment 1, 48 6-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into one of 4 groups: CON (control), GLY [orally administered Gly, 5 g · kg body weight (BW)-1 · d-1 for 6 d], LPS (5 mg/kg BW, intraperitoneally administered), and GLY + LPS (Gly supplementation, and on day 7 LPS treatment). In Experiment 2, mice were untreated, pretreated with Gly as above, or pretreated with Gly + l-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) (0.5 g/kg BW, intraperitoneally administered every other day) for 6 d. On day 7, mice were injected with LPS as above. Histological alterations, activities of antioxidative enzymes, apoptosis, and immune cell infiltration were analyzed. RESULTS:In Experiment 1, compared with CON, LPS administration resulted in increased karyolysis and karyopyknosis in the liver by 8- to 10-fold, enhanced serum activities of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) by 1- to 1.8-fold, and increased hepatic apoptosis by 5.5-fold. Furthermore, LPS exposure resulted in increased infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils in the liver by 3.2- to 7.5-fold, elevated hepatic concentrations of malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and elevated myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity by 1.5- to 6.3-fold. In Experiment 2, compared with the LPS group, mice in the GLY + LPS group had fewer histological alterations (68.5%-75.9%); lower serum ALT, AST, and LDH activities (24.3%-64.7%); and lower hepatic malondialdehyde and H2O2 concentrations (46.1%-80.2%), lower MPO activity (39.2%), immune cell infiltration (52.3%-85.3%), and apoptosis (69.6%), which were abrogated by BSO. Compared with the GLY + LPS group, mice in the GLY + BSO + LPS group had lower hepatic activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase by 33.5%-48.5%; increased activation of NF-κB by 2.3-fold; and impaired nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 signaling by 38.9%. CONCLUSIONS:Gly is a functional amino acid with an ability to protect the liver against LPS-induced injury in mice.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, Y., Jia, H., Jin, Y., Liu, N., Chen, J., Yang, Y., ... Wu, Z.

publication date

  • January 1, 2020 11:11 AM