Outcomes After Thrombolysis for Ischemic Stroke in Costa Rica Compare Favorably With International Cohorts Conference Paper uri icon


  • Background: More than 70% of strokes occur in resource-poor countries. Outcomes are often not well documented. rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke was approved in 2012 for use in Costa Rica (CR). A hub and spoke model was initiated and a dataset established, the CR Stroke Registry Program (CRSRP) for conditional- and post-approval monitoring. Here, we compared CRSRP rt-PA outcomes to similarly treated subjects from the 1995 NINDS rt-PA trial and the 2019 CLOTBUST-ER control arm. Methods: Subjects were matched using a published pairing methodology and day 7-10/discharge modified Rankin Score (mRS), symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhages (SICH) and early mortality compared. A mortality model was generated from 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and outcomes compared at similar baselines. SICH rates were compared with other cohorts: Get With The Guidelines (GWTG), a combined international IV thrombolysis trial pool, and 2 Ibero-American populations. Results: Of 424 CRSRP patients, 284 receiving rt-PA under 3 hrs were matched with 308 NINDS subjects. 131 non-diabetic CRSRP subjects, treated within 4.5 hrs, NIHSS 10 - 24 and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS)>7, were matched with 300 CLOTBUST-ER subjects. Percent achieving either mRS 0-1 or 0-2 did not differ between CRSRP and either NINDS or CLOTBUST-ER (mRS 0-1: CRSRP:33.9% vs NINDS:33.6%; CRSRP:23.8% vs CLOTBUST-ER:27.0%, all p>=.05 / mRS 0-2: CRSRP:40.0% vs NINDS:41.4%; CRSRP:31.1% vs CLOTBUST-ER:36.1%, all p=>.05). Mortality was higher for CRSRP vs CLOTBUST-ER (6.6% vs 0.8%; p=0.05) but not vs NINDS (6.8% vs 4.3%; p=0.3). A predictive model (R 2 =0.39) showed neither cohort exceeded expected pooled mortality, with CLOTBUST-ER the lowest mortality. SICH rate was higher in CRSRP vs CLOTBUST-ER (7.3% vs 0.0% p=0.008) but not vs NINDS (5.7% vs 6.8% p=0.7)). SICH rates were not higher when compared with 4 international cohorts. Conclusion: Functional outcomes of Costa Rican patients receiving rt-PA compared favorably with 2 RCTs (NINDS and CLOTBUST-ER). SICH and mortality were higher than CLOTBUST-ER, although both were within expected range compared to other international cohorts. Systems of care development in order to further lower SICH and participate in the endovascular era are underway.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mandava, P., Torrealba-Acosta, G., Barboza, M. A., Fernandez-Morales, H., Qasim, M., Litvak, P., ... Kent, T. A.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Mandava, Pitchaiah||Torrealba-Acosta, Gabriel||Barboza, Miguel A||Fernandez-Morales, Huberth||Qasim, Muhammad||Litvak, Paul||Rothlisberger, Travis||Tsivgoulis, Georgios K||Alexandrov, Andrei V||Kent, Thomas A

publication date

  • March 2021

published in