Diabetes Self-Management Among Individuals With Diabetes and Physical Disabilities. Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine diabetes self-management behavior among individuals who have diabetes living with and without physical limitations. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data (2011-2016) from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used. Dependent variables were utilization of dilated eye exams, foot checks, at least 1 dental checkup annually, treating diabetes with oral medication, treating diabetes with insulin injections, and engagement in moderate or vigorous physical exercise 5 times per week. The independent variable was diabetes with physical limitations compared with diabetes without physical limitations. The study controlled for predisposing, enabling, and need factors. RESULTS: Findings indicate that individuals with diabetes and physical limitations were less likely to engage in moderate or vigorous physical exercise 5 times per week, have at least 1 annual dental checkup, and treat their diabetes orally with medication. CONCLUSIONS: Self-management behavior was poor among individuals with diabetes and physical limitations. Environmental barriers may partially contribute to reasons why individuals with diabetes and physical limitations do not engage in diabetes self-management behaviors that would assist them in mitigating diabetes complications. Other reasons could be the lack of equipment accessibility or adaptability and cultural competence among providers treating/caring for individuals with physical limitations.

published proceedings

  • Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care

author list (cited authors)

  • Comer-HaGans, D., Austin, S., Ramamonjiarivelo, Z. o., & Sherman, L. D.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Comer-HaGans, DeLawnia||Austin, Shamly||Ramamonjiarivelo, Zo||Sherman, Ledric D

publication date

  • August 2021