MLE-Based Parameter Estimation for Four-Parameter Exponential Gamma Distribution and Asymptotic Variance of Its Quantiles Academic Article uri icon


  • The choice of a probability distribution function and confidence interval of estimated design values have long been of interest in flood frequency analysis. Although the four-parameter exponential gamma (FPEG) distribution has been developed for application in hydrology, its maximum likelihood estimation (MLE)-based parameter estimation method and asymptotic variance of its quantiles have not been well documented. In this study, the MLE method was used to estimate the parameters and confidence intervals of quantiles of the FPEG distribution. This method entails parameter estimation and asymptotic variances of quantile estimators. The parameter estimation consisted of a set of four equations which, after algebraic simplification, were solved using a three dimensional Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Based on sample information matrix and Fishers expected information matrix, derivatives of the design quantile with respect to the parameters were derived. The method of estimation was applied to annual precipitation data from the Weihe watershed, China and confidence intervals for quantiles were determined. Results showed that the FPEG was a good candidate to model annual precipitation data and can provide guidance for estimating design values.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 20

author list (cited authors)

  • Song, S., Kang, Y., Song, X., & Singh, V. P.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Song, Songbai||Kang, Yan||Song, Xiaoyan||Singh, Vijay P

publication date

  • July 2021