Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization in Rats. Chapter uri icon


  • The laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) model has been widely used for research on wet age-related macular degeneration (wet-AMD) and other ocular neovascular diseases. In this model, the Bruch membrane is perforated by laser injury, resulting in neovascularization formed from the choroidal capillaries. It has become a standard method to evaluate the effect of different treatments on CNV progression in preclinical studies. This protocol can be used in various species, including rat, mouse, pig, and monkey. The rodent laser-induced CNV model is the most commonly used because of the advantages in both cost- and time-efficiency. It takes only 10-15min to complete the whole laser procedure after adequate training and practicing the technique. Peak CNV formation occurs at approximately 2weeks after laser application. The entire protocol may require up to 3weeks to complete the treatment, fundus image acquisition, and tissue collection for histologic analysis. This chapter describes the detailed procedures, protocols, and useful notes on how to induce CNV by laser.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhao, M., Xie, W., Hein, T. W., Kuo, L., & Rosa, R. H.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Zhao, Min||Xie, Wankun||Hein, Travis W||Kuo, Lih||Rosa, Robert H

Book Title

  • Cardiovascular Development

publication date

  • January 2021