The purpose of this study was to compare extraction socket healing and alveolar ridge preservation using autogenous bone covered with connective tissue graft (CT) or acellular dermal matrix (ADM).
Materials and Methods
Sixteen nonsmoking, healthy patients with 18 nonmolar teeth requiring extraction participated in the study. Following extraction, the sockets were debrided, measured, and grafted with autogenous bone, then covered with either CT or ADM. Measurements of alveolar ridge width and height were made at baseline and after 16 to 20 weeks post extraction. Soft and hard tissue biopsies of the extraction sites were evaluated histomorphometrically.
The mean buccolingual ridge width loss was 0.19 mm for both CT and ADM groups. The mean vertical bone gain was 1.08 mm bone for the CT group and 0.82 mm for the ADM group. Histologic evaluation revealed a mean bone fill of 40.67 and 50.76% for CT and ADM group respectively. Student t-tests did not reveal significant difference between the two groups.
The overall results of the study suggest that the use of bone graft covered with either CT or ADM is useful for ridge preservation.
How to cite this article
Tomlin EM, Kerns DG, Rossmann JA, Beach MM, Al-Hashimi I, Abraham CM, Solomon ES, Kessler HP. Ridge Preservation using Dermis Allograft Tissue Matrix Membrane vs Connective Tissue Graft. J Contemp Dent 2014;4(1):10-16.