Guidance to improve the effectiveness of process safety management systems in operating facilities. Academic Article uri icon


  • The Process Safety Management (PSM) systems at the operating facilities in the Oil & Gas and in Chemical manufacturing industries have matured over the years and have become, at most facilities, very robust and sophisticated. These programs are administrated by Process Safety (PS) teams at both the corporate business units and plant levels and have been effective in reducing the number and severity of PS events across the industries over the past 25 years or so. Incidents however are occurring at a regular interval and in recent times several noteworthy PS events have occurred in the United States which have brought into question the effectiveness of the PSM programs at play. These facilities have been applying their PSM programs with the expectation that the number and severity of PS events would decrease over time. The expected result has not been realized, especially in context to those facilities that have undergone the recent incidents. Current paper reviews a few publicly available PS performance reports of Oil & Gas and Chemical manufacturing industries. The authors identified a few factors at play that have led to these PS events based on their experience, literature review, and incident investigation reports. Most of the factors are intertwined with multiple PSM elements and it requires a holistic approach to address them. Each of the factors is described and the path forward is proposed to improve the effectiveness of PSM programs.

published proceedings

  • J Loss Prev Process Ind

author list (cited authors)

  • Behie, S. W., Halim, S. Z., Efaw, B., O'Connor, T. M., & Quddus, N.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Behie, Stewart W||Halim, S Zohra||Efaw, Bill||O'Connor, T Michael||Quddus, Noor

publication date

  • January 2020