Dietary nutrient restrictions in the post-weaning period change Santa Inês ewe lamb nutritional metabolic profile. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the metabolic profile of Santa Ins ewe lambs fed diets for early or late-maturing diets with or without nutrient restrictions. The experiment consisted of a 2 2 completely randomized factorial experiment with either early- or late-maturity feed formulation according to "Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants" with or without 15% crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) restrictions in diets formulated, five replications, and 20 ewe lambs averaging 15.12.6 kg. Lambs on early-maturity diets consumed greater (P<0.05) dietary ether extract (EE), non-fibrous carbohydrates, and TDN than those on late-maturity diets. Lambs on early-maturity diets had 7.11% greater dry matter digestibility (DMD) compared to lambs fed late-maturity diets. Lambs fed late-maturity diets, in general, had greater intake (IN), excreted (EN), and retained (RN) N as well as greater RN/IN and EN/IN ratios. There were no differences in blood total protein or albumin among lambs fed for different finishing maturity targets. Diets designed for late-maturing lambs resulted in greater microbial N and CP as well as rumen and metabolizable, degradable, and undegradable rumen and metabolizable CP. The selection of diets for early or late maturity carcasses depends on the production system goals. Diets without restrictions are recommended for early-maturity carcass finishing while diets with 15% CP and TDN restriction are recommend for late-maturity finishing.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the metabolic profile of Santa Inês ewe lambs fed diets for early or late-maturing diets with or without nutrient restrictions. The experiment consisted of a 2 × 2 completely randomized factorial experiment with either early- or late-maturity feed formulation according to "Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants" with or without 15% crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) restrictions in diets formulated, five replications, and 20 ewe lambs averaging 15.1±2.6 kg. Lambs on early-maturity diets consumed greater (P<0.05) dietary ether extract (EE), non-fibrous carbohydrates, and TDN than those on late-maturity diets. Lambs on early-maturity diets had 7.11% greater dry matter digestibility (DMD) compared to lambs fed late-maturity diets. Lambs fed late-maturity diets, in general, had greater intake (IN), excreted (EN), and retained (RN) N as well as greater RN/IN and EN/IN ratios. There were no differences in blood total protein or albumin among lambs fed for different finishing maturity targets. Diets designed for late-maturing lambs resulted in greater microbial N and CP as well as rumen and metabolizable, degradable, and undegradable rumen and metabolizable CP. The selection of diets for early or late maturity carcasses depends on the production system goals. Diets without restrictions are recommended for early-maturity carcass finishing while diets with 15% CP and TDN restriction are recommend for late-maturity finishing.

published proceedings

  • Trop Anim Health Prod

author list (cited authors)

  • Dos Santos Costa, C., Rogério, M., Ferreira, A. L., Machado, F. S., Pompeu, R., da Silveira Alves, F. G., ... Neiva, J.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Dos Santos Costa, Clésio||Rogério, Marcos Cláudio Pinheiro||Ferreira, Alexandre Lima||Machado, Fernanda Samarini||Pompeu, Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco||da Silveira Alves, Francisco Gleyson||do Rêgo, João Paulo Arcelino||Pimentel, Patrícia Guimarães||Muir, James Pierre||Neiva, José Neuman Miranda

publication date

  • June 2021