CO Surrogates: A Green Alternative in Palladium-Catalyzed CO Gas Free Carbonylation Reactions Academic Article uri icon


  • Carbonylation reactions with carbon monoxide (CO) provide efficient and attractive routes for the synthesis of bulk and fine chemicals. However, the practice of using a large excess of an inflammable, lethal and greenhouse CO gas is always a concern in this chemistry. The development of CO surrogates has gained substantial interest and become a green alternative to gaseous CO. Many of the recent studies have focused on the development of other benign and safe reagents to work as a CO source in carbonylation reactions, and the assortment of feasible CO surrogates for specific reaction can be accomplished by the literature data. This review describes the recent developments in palladium-catalyzed carbonyl insertions without the direct use of gaseous CO.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Khedkar, M. V., Khan, S. R., Lambat, T. L., Chaudhary, R. G., & Abdala, A. A.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Khedkar, Mayur V||Khan, Shoeb R||Lambat, Trimurti L||Chaudhary, Ratiram G||Abdala, Ahmed A

publication date

  • January 2020