The effect of inherent and incidental constraints on bimanual and social coordination. Academic Article uri icon


  • The current investigation was designed to examine the influence of inherent and incidental constraints on the stability characteristics associated with bimanual and social coordination. Individual participants (N=9) and pairs of participants (N=18, 9 pairs) were required to rhythmically coordinate patterns of isometric forces in 1:1 in-phase and 1:2 multi-frequency patterns by exerting force with their right and left limbs. Lissajous information was provided to guide performance. Participants performed 13 practice trials and 1 test trial per pattern. On the test trial, muscle activity from the triceps brachii muscles of each arm was recorded. EMG-EMG coherence between the two EMG signals was calculated using wavelet coherence. The behavioral data indicated that individual participants performed the 1:1 in-phase pattern more accurately and with less variability than paired participants. The EMG coherence analysis indicated significantly higher coherence for individual participants than for the paired participants during the 1:1 in-phase pattern, whereas no differences were observed between groups for the 1:2 coordination pattern. The results of the current investigation support the notion that neural crosstalk can stabilize 1:1 in-phase coordination when contralateral and ipsilateral signals are integrated via the neuromuscular linkage between two effectors.

published proceedings

  • Exp Brain Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, Y., Neto, O. P., Davis, M. M., & Kennedy, D. M.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Yiyu||Neto, Osmar Pinto||Davis, Madison M||Kennedy, Deanna M

publication date

  • July 2021