Multiscale characterization of ovariectomized rat femur. Academic Article uri icon


  • Estrogen deficiency activates bone resorbing cells (osteoclasts) and to a lesser extent bone forming cells (osteoblasts), resulting in a gap between resorption and formation that leads to a net loss of bone. These cell activities alter bone architecture and tissue composition. Thus, the objective of this study is to examine whether multiscale (10-2 to 10-7 m) characterization can provide more integrated information to understand the effects of estrogen deficiency on the fracture risk of bone. This is the first study to examine the effects of estrogen deficiency on multiscale characteristics of the same bone specimen. Sprague-Dawley female rats (6months old) were obtained for a bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) or a sham operation (sham). Micro-computed tomography of rat femurs provided bone volumetric, mineral density, and morphological parameters. Dynamic mechanical analysis, static elastic and fracture mechanical testing, and nanoindentation were also performed using the same femur. As expected, the current findings indicate that OVX reduces bone quantity (mass and bone mineral density) and quality (morphology, and fracture displacement). Additionally, they demonstrated reductions in amount and heterogeneity of tissue mineral density (TMD) and viscoelastic properties. The current results validate that multiscale characterization for the same bone specimen can provide more comprehensive insights to understand how the bone components contributed to mechanical behavior at different scales.

published proceedings

  • J Biomech

author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, J., Kim, E. K., Ni, A. i., Kim, Y., Zheng, F., Lee, B. S., & Kim, D.

complete list of authors

  • Liu, Jie||Kim, Eun Kyoung||Ni, Ai||Kim, Yong-Rak||Zheng, Fengyuan||Lee, Beth S||Kim, Do-Gyoon

publication date

  • January 1, 2021 11:11 AM