Remixing Resilience: A Critical Examination of Urban Middle School Learning Environments among Resilient African American Learners Academic Article uri icon


  • This study examines a sample of African American students attending urban middle schools in a Southern city, and considers their perceptions of learning environments within mathematics classrooms. This study concluded that variables like Academic Self-Concept, Mathematics Anxiety, Satisfaction, Involvement, and Academic Aspiration varied significantly among higher and lower performing students. These variables are informed by the classic resilience literature on learning environment that tends to be less culturally affirming. In an effort to move resilience theory away from racial ideologies, we reconceptualize resilience as a cultural trait common among African American learners that should not be conceptualized dichotomously nor hierarchically

published proceedings

  • Urban Education

author list (cited authors)

  • James, M. C., Wandix White, D., Waxman, H., Rivera, H., & Harmon, W. C

complete list of authors

  • James, Marlon C||Wandix White, Diana||Waxman, Hersh||Rivera, H├ęctor||Harmon, Willie C

publication date

  • March 2022