Nonlinear methods for model reduction Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Typical model reduction methods for parametric partial differential equations construct a linear space Vn which approximates well the solution manifold M consisting of all solutions u(y) with y the vector of parameters. In many problems of numerical computation, nonlinear methods such as adaptive approximation, n-term approximation, and certain tree-based methods may provide improved numerical efficiency over linear methods. Nonlinear model reduction methods replace the linear space Vn by a nonlinear space Σn. Little is known in terms of their performance guarantees, and most existing numerical experiments use a parameter dimension of at most two. In this work, we make a step towards a more cohesive theory for nonlinear model reduction. Framing these methods in the general setting of library approximation, we give a first comparison of their performance with the performance of standard linear approximation for any compact set. We then study these methods for solution manifolds of parametrized elliptic PDEs. We study a specific example of library approximation where the parameter domain is split into a finite number N of rectangular cells, with affine spaces of dimension m assigned to each cell, and give performance guarantees with respect to accuracy of approximation versus m and N.

author list (cited authors)

  • Bonito, A., Cohen, A., DeVore, R., Guignard, D., Jantsch, P., & Petrova, G.

publication date

  • January 1, 2021 11:11 AM