Dietary Supplementation with L-Arginine between Days 14 and 25 of Gestation Enhances Litter Size in Gilts Conference Paper uri icon


  • Gilts were checked daily for estrus with boars in the morning and bred at onset of the second estrus and 12 h later (the time of breeding = d 0 of gestation). Between d 14 and 25 of gestation, 15 gilts per treatment were housed individually and fed twice daily 1 kg of a cornand soybean mealbased diet supplemented with 0.0%, 0.4%, or 0.8% Larginine. All diets were made isonitrogenous by addition of Lalanine. At d 25 of gestation, gilts were hysterectomized to obtain conceptuses. Compared with control gilts, dietary supplementation with 0.4% or 0.8% Larginine increased (P 0.05) concentrations of arginine in maternal plasma, total volume of amniotic fluid, total amounts of arginine in allantoic and amniotic fluids, total amounts of fructose and most amino acids in amniotic fluid, placental growth, and the number of viable fetuses per litter by 2. The numbers of total fetuses or corpora lutea, total fetal weight, total volume of allantoic fluid, maternal circulating levels of progesterone and estrogen, or total amounts of the hormones in allantoic fluid did not differ among the three treatment groups. Reproductive performance of gilts did not differ between the 0.4% and 0.8% Larginine groups. These results indicate that dietary supplementation with 0.4% or 0.8% Larginine between d 14 and 25 of gestation can enhance embryonic/fetal survival in gilts. Supported by USDA grants.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Li, X., Bazer, F., Johnson, G., Burghardt, R., Frank, J., Dai, Z., ... Wu, G.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Li, Xilong||Bazer, Fuller||Johnson, Gregory||Burghardt, Robert||Frank, James||Dai, Zhaolai||Wang, Junjun||Shinzato, Izuru||Wu, Guoyao

publication date

  • April 2013