33 Comparison of Monensin Sodium Sources for Finishing Beef Cattle Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the digestive characteristics of ruminally cannulated beef steers consuming a steam-flaked corn (SFC) or dry-rolled corn (DRC) based diet containing either Rumensin 90 (R) or Monovet 90 (MV). Six ruminally fistulated steers (657.7 kg ± 72.6) housed individually were used in a 6 × 6 Latin square design with a factorial treatment arrangement. Each of the 6 periods were 15 d with 14 d for diet adaptation and 1 d of rumen fluid collections. Six 15-d periods consisted of 14 d diet adaptation prior to rumen fluid collections. Dietary treatments were DRC without monensin sodium (DRC-C), SFC without monensin sodium (SFC-C), DRC with Rumensin 90 (DRC-R), DRC with Monovet 90 (DRC-MV), SFC with Rumensin 90 (SFC-R), and SFC with Monovet 90 (SFC-MV). Rumen contents and fluid were collected through the fistula of each animal at 0, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h on d 15 of each period. Rumen fluid was collected 6 h postfeeding each period for in vitro analyses. Steer was the experimental unit and the model included fixed effects of grain processing, additive, and grain processing × additive. Total gas produced was composited from each in vitro bottle into a gas collection bag for the 48-h determination of methane concentration. No differences were detected for DMI (P = 0.81). Ruminal pH did not differ for the control or additive treatments (P = 0.33). However, ruminal pH was lower (P > 0.01) with SFC relative to DRC There was a significant difference in acetate to propionate ratio for both additive (P = 0.04) and grain type (P ≤ 0.01). Additive inclusion reduced methane proportion of total gas relative to control treatments (P ≤ 0.01). Monensin sodium reduced methane concentration though source had no effect on DMI or ruminal pH.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Animal Science

author list (cited authors)

  • Husz, T. C., Smith, W., Lockard, C., Homolka, M., Anderson, P., Gentry, W., ... Casey, K.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Husz, Taylor C||Smith, Wyatt||Lockard, Caleb||Homolka, Megan||Anderson, Pete||Gentry, Wes||Sugg, Joel D||Jennings, Jenny||Casey, Kenneth

publication date

  • May 2021