Simultaneous Estimation of Relative Permeability and Capillary Pressure for PUNQ-S3 Model With a Damped Iterative-Ensemble-Kalman-Filter Technique Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Summary A damped iterative-ensemble-Kalman-filter (IEnKF) algorithm has been proposed to estimate relative permeability and capillary pressure curves simultaneously for the PUNQ-S3 model, while its performance has been compared with that of the CMOST module, iterative-ensemble-smoother (IES) algorithm, and traditional ensemble-Kalman-filter (EnKF) technique. The power-law model is used to represent the relative permeability and capillary pressure curves, while three-phase relative permeability for oil phase is determined by use of the modified Stone II model. By assimilating the observed production data, the relative permeability and capillary pressure curves are inversely, automatically, and successively updated, achieving an excellent agreement with the reference cases. Not only are the associated uncertainties reduced significantly during the updating process, but also each of the updated reservoir models predicts the production profile that is in good agreement with the reference cases. Although the damped IEnKF technique shows the highest accuracy on estimation results, history-matching results, and prediction performance for the PUNQ-S3 model, its computational expense is still high compared with the other three techniques. In addition, the variations in the ensemble of the updated reservoir models and production profiles of the damped IEnKF provide a robust and consistent framework for uncertainty analysis.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, Y., Fan, Z., Yang, D., Li, H., & Patil, S.

publication date

  • January 1, 2017 11:11 AM