Towards indoor localization of pedestrians via smart building vibration sensing
Additional Document Info
Indoor localization by means of GNSS or a cellular-based method is known to be difficult. Potentially, other wireless technologies could address the technical requirements, but they usually imply the end user must carry a device compatible with this additional technology too. In this paper we investigate the feasibility of collecting vibration sensor readings within a building to locate pedestrians by their footsteps. Vibration propagation in buildings is markedly different than radio wave propagation in free space, thus prompting one to question the suitability of conventional positioning algorithms for this task. We presents the results of experiments conducted with actual measurements from an instrumented, smart building. We expect such buildings to become more prevalent in the future thanks to the technical advances and cost reductions provided by the Internet-of-Things (IoT). The promising initial findings indicate that time-difference-of-arrival, within a limited spatial extent, could be a viable localization technique, and these results encourage further research into vibration-based indoor localization.
name of conference
2015 International Conference on Location and GNSS (ICL-GNSS)