Evaluation of a mandatory theory-based physical activity course on motivation among predominantly Hispanic college students.
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ObjectiveThe present study aims to examine the impacts of a mandatory physical activity (PA) course on exercise motivation among predominately Hispanic college students. The course was designed based on the Self-Determination Theory to increase students' PA motivation. Methods: A total of 383 college students (nmales=126; nfemales=257; Mage=19.6; 67.6% Hispanic/Latino[a]) participated in the course and completed the Behavioral Regulation to Exercise Questionnaire-2 at the beginning (pretest) and the end of the course (post-test). This questionnaire measured five motivation constructs: amotivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, introjected regulation, and identified regulation. Results: Findings showed significant increases from pretest to post-test in all five motivation constructs (ps<0.01). Conclusions: Although the mandatory PA curriculum successfully increased the intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, introjected regulation, and identified regulation among college students, amotivation was also increased. These outcomes suggested some positive impacts on Hispanic college students' motivation to participate in PA. Findings can assist researchers and educators in developing, implementing, and evaluating required PA courses in colleges and universities.
author list (cited authors)
Barton-Weston, H., Chen, W., Fike, D., Griffiths, R., Soukup, G., & Chen, L.
complete list of authors
Barton-Weston, Heather||Chen, Wei-Ju||Fike, David||Griffiths, Randall||Soukup, Gregory||Chen, Lei-Shih