Buy them out before they are built: evaluating the proactive acquisition of vacant land in flood-prone areas. Academic Article uri icon


  • Rising flood damages have prompted local communities to implement buyout and property acquisition programmes to eliminate repetitive losses for at-risk properties. However, buyouts are often costly to implement and are reactionary solutions to flooding. This study quantifies the benefits of acquiring vacant private properties in flood-prone areas rather than acquiring such properties after they are built up. Using a geodesign framework that integrates concepts and analytical approaches derived from geographical, spatial and statistical-based disciplines, we analyse vacant properties with high development potential that intersect current and future floodplain areas in Houston (TX, USA). We use geospatial proximity analysis to select candidate properties, land-use prediction modelling to estimate future development and sea-level rise and benefit-cost analysis to assess the economic viability of buyouts. The results indicate that cumulative avoided flood losses exceed the cost of vacant land acquisition by a factor of nearly two to one, and up to a factor of ten to one in selected areas. This study emphasizes the benefits of proactive property buyouts that focus on acquiring parcels before they are built up, while also avoiding the social and institutional problems associated with traditional buyout programmes.

published proceedings

  • Environ Conserv

altmetric score

  • 10.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Atoba, K., Newman, G., Brody, S., Highfield, W., Kim, Y., & Juan, A.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Atoba, Kayode||Newman, Galen||Brody, Samuel||Highfield, Wesley||Kim, Youjung||Juan, Andrew

publication date

  • June 2021