Recovery Versus Protection-Based Approaches to Flood Risk Reduction: Working Towards a Framework for More Effective Mitigation in the United States Chapter uri icon


  • Despite efforts to mitigate the adverse impacts of flooding across the United States, losses from both acute and chronic events continue to rise, particularly in low-lying coastal areas. From 1999 to 2009 the U.S. suffered approximately $33.5 billion in insured flood losses alone. Counties and parishes along the Gulf of Mexico coastline reported almost $21.5 billion of this total. These property damage estimates help solidify what has been generally understood for years: that floods pose a major risk to communities and with increasing development in coastal areas the problem is growing worse.

author list (cited authors)

  • Brody, S. D., Highfield, W. E., Merrell, W., & Lee, Y.

complete list of authors

  • Brody, Samuel D||Highfield, Wesley E||Merrell, William||Lee, Yoonjeong

editor list (cited editors)

  • Lindell, M. K.

Book Title

  • The Routledge Handbook of Urban Disaster Resilience

publication date

  • January 2020