The Eco-Bio-Social Factors That Modulate Aedes aegypti Abundance in South Texas Border Communities.
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Aedes aegypti control requires dedicated resources that are usually scarce, limiting the reach and sustainability of vector control programs. This generates a need to focus on areas at risk of disease transmission and also understand the factors that might modulate local mosquito abundance. We evaluated the eco-bio-social factors that modulate indoor and outdoor relative abundance of female Ae. aegypti in communities of South Texas. We conducted housing quality and Knowledge Attitudes and Practices surveys in households that were part of a weekly mosquito surveillance program in November of 2017 and 2018. Our results showed widespread knowledge of mosquitoes and Zika virus by our participants. However, less than 35% considered them as serious problems in this region. The presence of window-mounted air conditioning units increased the risk of female mosquito relative abundance indoors. An increase in outdoor relative abundance was associated with larger properties and a higher number of children between 6 to 17 years of age. Interestingly, we observed that an increasing number of children <5 years of age modulated both indoor and outdoor relative abundance, with a 52% increase indoors and 30% decrease outdoors. The low perception of mosquito and disease risk highlights engagement needs for vector-borne disease prevention in this region. The identified risk factors can help guide public health officials in their efforts to reduce human and vector contact.
author list (cited authors)
Juarez, J. G., Garcia-Luna, S. M., Medeiros, M., Dickinson, K. L., Borucki, M. K., Frank, M., ... Hamer, G. L.
complete list of authors
Juarez, Jose G||Garcia-Luna, Selene M||Medeiros, Matthew CI||Dickinson, Katherine L||Borucki, Monica K||Frank, Matthias||Badillo-Vargas, Ismael||Chaves, Luis F||Hamer, Gabriel L