An integrated in vivo and in silico analysis of the metabolism disrupting effects of CPI-613 on embryo-larval zebrafish (Danio rerio).
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CPI-613 is a mitochondrial metabolism disrupter that inhibits tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle activity. The consequences of TCA cycle disruption on various metabolic pathways and overall organismal physiology are not fully known. The present study integrates in vivo experimental data with an in silico stoichiometric metabolism model of zebrafish to study the metabolic pathways perturbed under CPI-613 exposure. Embryo-larval life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to 1 μM CPI-613 for 20 days. Whole-organism respirometry measurements showed an initial suppression of O2 consumption at Day 5 of exposure, followed by recovery comparable to the solvent control (0.01% DMSO) by Day 20. Comparison of whole-transcriptome RNA-sequencing at Day 5 vs. 20 of exposure showed functional categories related to O2 binding and transport, antioxidant activity, FAD binding, and hemoglobin complexes, to be commonly represented. Metabolic enzyme gene expression changes and O2 consumption rate was used to parametrize two in silico stoichiometric metabolic models representative of Day 5 or 20 of exposure. Computational simulations predicted impaired ATP synthesis, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) activity, and fatty acid β-oxidation at Day 5 vs. 20 of exposure. These results show that the targeted disruption of KGDH may also impact oxidative phosphorylation (ATP synthesis) and fatty acid metabolism (β-oxidation), in turn influencing cellular bioenergetics and the observed reduction in whole-organism O2 consumption rate. The results of this study provide an integrated in vivo and in silico framework to study the impacts of metabolic disruption on organismal physiology.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol
author list (cited authors)
Hala, D., Faulkner, P., He, K., Kamalanathan, M., Brink, M., Simons, K., ... Qian, X.
complete list of authors
Hala, David||Faulkner, Patricia||He, Kai||Kamalanathan, Manoj||Brink, Mikeelee||Simons, Kristina||Apaydin, Meltem||Hernout, Beatrice||Petersen, Lene H||Ivanov, Ivan||Qian, Xiaoning