An Educational Intervention for Improving the Snacks and Beverages Brought to Youth Sports in the USA. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test a small-scale intervention and its ability to decrease total sugar intake and number of calories offered at youth sports games. METHODS: This study was a pre/post-test quasi-experimental design. A flier was developed and distributed to parents. The flier aimed to decrease the sugar-sweetened beverages and increase the nutritional quality of food brought to games. Baseline data were collected in 2018 (n = 61). The flier was distributed prior to the start of the league, once during the league, and posted online in 2019. Postintervention data were collected in the intervention group (n = 122) and a comparison group (n = 74). Nutritional information was collected through direct observation. RESULTS: The average amount of total sugar provided per game per child was 25.5 g at baseline when snacks/beverages were provided at games. After the intervention, the average amount of total sugar provided significantly decreased (16.7 g/game/child, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The intervention reduced total sugar offered and the number of sugar-sweetened beverages brought to games. It was low-cost and could be easily implemented by public health practitioners and/or parks and recreation administrators. Further, considerations could be made to implement policies relative to snacks and beverages at youth sports games.

published proceedings

  • Int J Environ Res Public Health

author list (cited authors)

  • Spruance, L. A., Bennion, N., Ghanadan, G., & Maddock, J. E.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Spruance, Lori Andersen||Bennion, Natalie||Ghanadan, Gabriel||Maddock, Jay E

publication date

  • January 2021