Intrinsic osteoinductivity of PCL‐DA/PLLA semi‐IPN shape memory polymer scaffolds Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Engineering osteoinductive, self-fitting scaffolds offers a potential treatment modality to repair irregularly shaped craniomaxillofacial bone defects. Recently, we innovated on osteoinductive poly(ε-caprolactone)-diacrylate (PCL-DA) shape memory polymers (SMPs) to incorporate poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) into the PCL-DA network, forming a semi-interpenetrating network (semi-IPN). Scaffolds formed from these PCL-DA/PLLA semi-IPNs display stiffnesses within the range of trabecular bone and accelerated degradation relative to scaffolds formed from slowly degrading PCL-DA SMPs. Herein, we demonstrate for the first time that PCL-DA/PLLA semi-IPN SMP scaffolds show increased intrinsic osteoinductivity relative to PCL-DA. We also confirm that application of a bioinspired polydopamine (PD) coating further improves the osteoinductive capacity of these PCL-DA/PLLA semi-IPN SMPs. In the absence of osteogenic supplements, protein level assessment of human mesenchymal stem cells (h-MSCs) cultured in PCL-DA/PLLA scaffolds revealed an increase in expression of osteogenic markers osterix, bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4), and collagen 1 alpha 1 (COL1A1), relative to PCL-DA scaffolds and osteogenic medium controls. Likewise, the expression of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and BMP-4 was elevated in the presence of PD-coating. In contrast, the chondrogenic and adipogenic responses associated with the scaffolds matched or were reduced relative to osteogenic medium controls, indicating that the scaffolds display intrinsic osteoinductivity.

author list (cited authors)

  • Arabiyat, A. S., Pfau, M. R., Grunlan, M. A., & Hahn, M. S.

publication date

  • January 1, 2021 11:11 AM

publisher