US3 Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase from MDV-1, MDV-2, and HVT Differentially Regulate Viral Gene Expression and Replication. Academic Article uri icon


  • Gallid alphaherpesvirus 2 (GaHV-2), commonly known as Marek's disease virus type 1 (MDV-1), is an oncogenic avian alphaherpesvirus, and along with its close relatives-Gallid alphaherpesvirus 3 (GaHV-3) or MDV-2 and Meleagrid alphaherpesvirus 1 (MeHV-1) or turkey herpesvirus (HVT)-belongs to the Mardivirus genus. We and others previously showed that MDV-1 US3 protein kinase plays an important role in viral replication and pathogenesis, which could be partially compensated by MDV-2 and HVT US3. In this study, we further studied the differential roles of MDV-1, MDV-2 and HVT US3 in regulating viral gene expression and replication. Our results showed that MDV-2 and HVT US3 could differentially compensate MDV-1 US3 regulation of viral gene expression in vitro. MDV-2 and HVT US3 could also partially rescue the replication deficiency of MDV-1 US3 null virus in the spleen and thymus, as determined by immunohistochemistry analysis of MDV-1 pp38 protein. Importantly, using immunohistochemistry and dual immunofluorescence assays, we found that MDV-2 US3, but not HVT US3, fully compensated MDV-1 US3 regulation of MDV-1 replication in bursal B lymphocytes. In conclusion, our study provides the first comparative analysis of US3 from MDV-1, MDV-2 and HVT in regulating viral gene expression in cell culture and MDV-1 replication in lymphocytes.

published proceedings

  • Microorganisms

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Liao, Y., Fang, X., Ai-Mahmood, M., Li, Q., Lupiani, B., & Reddy, S. M.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Liao, Yifei||Fang, Xin||Ai-Mahmood, Mohammad||Li, Qinglei||Lupiani, Blanca||Reddy, Sanjay M

publication date

  • April 2021