Temperature dependence of viscoelastic Poisson's ratio of cement mortar Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractConcrete creep research has focused primarily on uniaxial response. However, biaxially prestressed concrete structures are common, resulting in a multiaxial stress state that can complicate the behavior of a viscoelastic material like concrete. Significant creep strains may be induced in directions transverse to each principle stress due to Poissons effect. Past research is unclear regarding the viscoelastic or viscoplastic properties of concrete outside of uniaxial response. It has been reported in separate studies that concrete viscoelastic/viscoplastic Poissons ratio (VPR) is an increasing, decreasing and constant function with time, with all reported measurements performed at room temperature. In this paper, the 3D basic creep response of mature cement mortar is examined using a confined compression experiment that allows direct determination of the full stress and infinitesimal strain tensors in a single test, which enables the determination of VPR under a multiaxial stress state. For this purpose, a unique, miniature version of the standardized concrete creep frame is designed that is amenable to placing in climate chambers and temperature ovens. The experimental results indicate that the VPR of sealed, mature cement mortar is nearly constant and equal to the elastic at room temperature, while the VPR gradually increases with time when measured at 60C.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Baranikumar, A., Torrence, C. E., & Grasley, Z.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Baranikumar, Aishwarya||Torrence, Christa E||Grasley, Zachary

publication date

  • June 2021