Analysis of intensity correlation enhanced plasmonic structured illumination microscopy.
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We propose to enhance the performance of localized plasmon structured illumination microscopy (LP-SIM) via intensity correlations. LP-SIM uses sub-wavelength illumination patterns to encode high spatial frequency information. It can enhance the resolution up to three-fold before gaps in the optical transfer function (OTF) support arise. For blinking fluorophores or for quantum antibunching, an intensity correlation analysis induces higher harmonics of the illumination pattern and enlarges the effective OTF. This enables ultrahigh resolutions without gaps in the OTF support, and thus a fully deterministic imaging scheme. We present simulations that include shot and external noise and demonstrate the resolution power under realistic photon budgets. The technique has potential in light microscopy where low-intensity illumination is paramount while aiming for high spatial but moderate temporal resolutions.
author list (cited authors)
Classen, A., Liu, X., Zheltikov, A. M., & Agarwal, G. S.