COVID-19 vaccine decisions: considering the choices and opportunities. Academic Article uri icon


  • In the coming months, most American adults will have the opportunity to receive at least one of up to five different COVID-19 vaccines produced by Operation Warp Speed and released through emergency use authorization by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A similar group of vaccines will also be released in Europe by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and in the United Kingdom by the Medicines & Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Those living outside of North America and Europe may not have access to those particular vaccines, but they will benefit from receiving vaccines produced in Brazil, China, India, or Russia. These vaccines and some of their major features based on clinical trials and testing are listed in Table1 [1-25]. As vaccine scientists and policy experts working in the area of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we are frequently asked about potential choices regarding the available vaccines, both in the U.S. and globally. Provided here is a summary and informal decision-making tool kit for considering the different vaccine options at this time.

published proceedings

  • Microbes Infect

altmetric score

  • 12.2

author list (cited authors)

  • Hotez, P. J., Nuzhath, T., Callaghan, T., & Colwell, B.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Hotez, Peter J||Nuzhath, Tasmiah||Callaghan, Timothy||Colwell, Brian

publication date

  • May 2021