A mechanistic link between oxidative stress and membrane mediated amyloidogenesis revealed by infrared spectroscopy.
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The fully developed lesion of Alzheimer's disease is a dense plaque composed of fibrillar amyloid beta-proteins (Abeta) with a characteristic and well-ordered beta-sheet secondary structure. Because the incipient lesion most likely develops when these proteins are first induced to form beta-sheet structure, it is important to understand factors that induced Abeta to adopt this conformation. In this review, we describe the application of polarized attenuated total internal reflection infrared FT-IR spectroscopy for characterizing the conformation, orientation, and rate of accumulation of Abeta on lipid membranes. We also describe the application and yield of linked analysis, whereby multiple spectra are fit simultaneously with component bands that are constrained to share common fitting parameters. Results have shown that membranes promote beta-sheet formation under a variety of circumstances that may be significant to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
author list (cited authors)
Komatsu, H., Liu, L., Murray, I., & Axelsen, P. H.
complete list of authors
Komatsu, Hiroaki||Liu, Liu||Murray, Ian VJ||Axelsen, Paul H