A Hydrophobic Stretch of 12 Amino Acid Residues in the Middle of α-Synuclein Is Essential for Filament Assembly* Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Neuronal and oligodendrocytic aggregates of fibrillar alpha-synuclein define several diseases of the nervous system. It is likely that these inclusions impair vital metabolic processes and compromise viability of affected cells. Here, we report that a 12-amino acid stretch ((71)VTGVTAVAQKTV(82)) in the middle of the hydrophobic domain of human alpha-synuclein is necessary and sufficient for its fibrillization based on the following observations: 1) human beta-synuclein is highly homologous to alpha-synuclein but lacks these 12 residues, and it does not assemble into filaments in vitro; 2) the rate of alpha-synuclein polymerization in vitro decreases after the introduction of a single charged amino acid within these 12 residues, and a deletion within this region abrogates assembly; 3) this stretch of 12 amino acids appears to form the core of alpha-synuclein filaments, because it is resistant to proteolytic digestion in alpha-synuclein filaments; and 4) synthetic peptides corresponding to this 12-amino acid stretch self-polymerize to form filaments, and these peptides promote fibrillization of full-length human alpha-synuclein in vitro. Thus, we have identified key sequence elements necessary for the assembly of human alpha-synuclein into filaments, and these elements may be exploited as targets for the design of drugs that inhibit alpha-synuclein fibrillization and might arrest disease progression.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

altmetric score

  • 16

author list (cited authors)

  • Giasson, B. I., Murray, I. V., Trojanowski, J. Q., & Lee, V. M.

citation count

  • 725

complete list of authors

  • Giasson, BI||Murray, IV||Trojanowski, JQ||Lee, VM

publication date

  • November 2000