Turbulent flow and heat flux analysis from validated large eddy simulations of flow past a heated cylinder in the near wake region Academic Article uri icon


  • We conduct non-isothermal large eddy simulations (LESs) of flow past a heated cylinder (Re = 3900) to investigate flow physics throughout the wake region and develop a foundation upon which future heat flux wall models can be built (both for wall-modeled LES and other lower fidelity models) for mathematical closure of the energy equation. A rigorous validation of the mesh is made under isothermal conditions with results showing a closer match to experimental data than any other LES studies to date. The insights gained into the mesh design and approach are discussed. Simulation of non-isothermal flow is performed on the validated mesh for temperature differences between the cylinder surface and the freestream of 25 K and 300 K. The mesh design and realistic (temperature-dependent) thermodynamic property variations play key roles in predicting delayed separation, larger re-circulation zones, and enhanced turbulence intensity for the higher temperature difference case. The effect of both temperature differences on the flow is analyzed, and a new scaling of the flow domain is proposed to gain further insight into non-isothermal flow physics. Key scaling variables, friction temperature and friction velocity, are able to reduce nearly all of the temperature dependence of first and second order flow statistics, including turbulent heat fluxes. This leads to the finding that the turbulent heat flux in the wake region scales with the wall heat flux irrespective of the temperature difference in the flow.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Sircar, A., Kimber, M., Rokkam, S., & Botha, G.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Sircar, Arpan||Kimber, Mark||Rokkam, Srujan||Botha, Gerrit

publication date

  • December 2020