Induction regimen and survival in simultaneous heart-kidney transplant recipients.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
BACKGROUND: Induction therapy in simultaneous heart-kidney transplantation (SHKT) is not well studied in the setting of contemporary maintenance immunosuppression consisting of tacrolimus (TAC), mycophenolic acid (MPA), and prednisone (PRED). METHODS: We analyzed the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network registry from January 1, 2000, to March 3, 2015, for recipients of SHKT (N = 623) maintained on TAC/MPA/PRED at hospital discharge. The study cohort was further stratified into 3 groups by induction choice: induction (n = 232), rabbit anti-thymoglobulin (r-ATG; n = 204), and interleukin-2 receptor- (n = 187) antagonists. Survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Multivariable inverse probability weighted Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to assess hazard ratios associated with post-transplant mortality as the primary outcome. The study cohort was censored on March 4, 2016, to allow at least 1-year of follow-up. RESULTS: During the study period, the number of SHKTs increased nearly 5-fold. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed superior outcomes with r-ATG compared with no induction or interleukin-2 receptor- induction. Compared with the no-induction group, an inverse probability weighted Cox proportional hazard model showed no independent association of induction therapy with the primary outcome. In sub-group analysis, r-ATG appeared to lower mortality in sensitized patients with panel reactive antibody of 10% or higher (hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.71). CONCLUSION: r-ATG may provide a survival benefit in SHKT, especially in sensitized patients maintained on TAC/MPA/PRED at hospital discharge.
author list (cited authors)
Ariyamuthu, V. K., Amin, A. A., Drazner, M. H., Araj, F., Mammen, P., Ayvaci, M., ... Tanriover, B.
complete list of authors
Ariyamuthu, Venkatesh K||Amin, Alpesh A||Drazner, Mark H||Araj, Faris||Mammen, Pradeep PA||Ayvaci, Mehmet||Mete, Mutlu||Ozay, Fatih||Ghanta, Mythili||Mohan, Sumit||Mohan, Prince||Tanriover, Bekir