Beyond the left–right cleavage: Exploring American political choice space Academic Article uri icon


  • Following spatial choice theory and MAP methodology, we employ the data drawn from recent nationwide public opinion surveys to probe the latent political choice space in American political competition. Our analyses demonstrate that, in addition to the traditional left-right ideology continuum, there is a second distinct dimension in American political choice space. More importantly, the results from our regression analyses suggest that the second dimension seems to be driven by a cleavage among different reform prospects, ranging from low-politics reformism, to politics-as-usual approach, to high-politics style of change. © The Author(s) 2012.

altmetric score

  • 2.1

author list (cited authors)

  • Hinich, M., Liu, X., Vedlitz, A., & Lindsey, C.

citation count

  • 9

publication date

  • September 2012