Anomalous nodal count and singularities in the dispersion relation of honeycomb graphs Academic Article uri icon


  • We study the nodal count of the so-called bi-dendral graphs and show that it exhibits an anomaly: the nodal surplus is never equal to 0 or , the first Betti number of the graph. According to the nodal-magnetic theorem, this means that bands of the magnetic spectrum (dispersion relation) of such graphs do not have maxima or minima at the usual symmetry points of the fundamental domain of the reciprocal space of magnetic parameters. In search of the missing extrema, we prove a necessary condition for a smooth critical point to happen inside the reciprocal fundamental domain. Using this condition, we identify the extrema as the singularities in the dispersion relation of the maximal Abelian cover of the graph (the honeycomb graph being an important example). In particular, our results show that the anomalous nodal count is an indication of the presence of conical points in the dispersion relation of the maximal universal cover. We also discover that the conical points are present in the dispersion relation of graphs with much less symmetry than was required in previous investigations.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Band, R., Berkolaiko, G., & Weyand, T.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Band, Ram||Berkolaiko, Gregory||Weyand, Tracy

publication date

  • December 2015