Bayesian Analysis for Multiple-baseline Studies Where the Variance Differs across Cases in OpenBUGS Academic Article uri icon


  • Objective: There is a growing interest in the potential benefits of applying Bayesian estimation for multilevel models of SCED data. Methodological studies have shown that Bayesian estimation resolves convergence issues, can be adequate for the small sample, and can improve the accuracy of the variance components. Despite the potential benefits, the lack of accessibility to software codes makes it difficult for applied researchers to implement Bayesian estimation in their studies. The purpose of this article is to illustrate a feasible way to implement Bayesian estimation using OpenBUGS software to analyze a complex SCED model where within-participants variability and autocorrelation may differ across cases. Method: By using extracted data from a published study, step-by-step guidance in analyzing the data using OpenBUGS software is provided, including (1) model specification, (2) prior distributions, (3) data entering, (4) model estimation, (5) convergence criteria, and (6) posterior inferences and interpretations. Result: Full codes for the analysis are provided.

author list (cited authors)

  • Baek, E., & Ferron, J. M.

citation count

  • 0

publication date

  • January 2021