Two-dimensional 1H NMR study of human ubiquitin: a main chain directed assignment and structure analysis.
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The 1H resonances of human ubiquitin were studied by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. A recently introduced assignment algorithm termed the main chain directed (MCD) assignment [Englander, S. W., & Wand, A. J. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 5953-5958] was applied. This approach relies on an ordered series of searches for prescribed patterns of connectivities in two-dimensional J-correlated and nuclear Overhauser effect spectra and centers on the dipolar interactions involving main-chain amide NH, alpha-CH, and beta-CH. Unlike the sequential assignment procedure, the MCD approach does not rest upon definition of side-chain J-coupled networks and is generally not sequential with the primary sequence of the protein. The various MCD patterns and the general algorithm are reiterated and applied to the analysis of human ubiquitin. With this algorithm, the vast majority of amino acid residue amide NH-C alpha H-C beta H J-coupled subspin systems could be associated with and aligned within units of secondary structure without any knowledge of the identity of the side chains. This greatly simplified recognition of side-chain spin systems by restricting their identity. Essentially complete resonance assignments are presented. The MCD method is compared with the sequential assignment method in some detail. The MCD method is highly amenable to automation. Human ubiquitin is found, at pH 5.8 and 30 degrees C, to be composed of an extensive beta-sheet structure involving five strands. Three of these strands form an antiparallel set sharing a common strand and have a parallel orientation to two antiparallel strands. Two helical segments were also observed. The largest, spanning 13 residues, shows dipolar interactions consistent with an alpha-helix while the smaller 4-residue helical segment appears, on the basis of observed nuclear Overhauser effects, to be a 3(10) helix. Five classical tight turns could be demonstrated.
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Di Stefano, D. L., & Wand, A. J.
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