Temperature dependence of the internal dynamics of a calmodulin-peptide complex.
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The temperature dependence of the fast internal dynamics of calcium-saturated calmodulin in complex with a peptide corresponding to the calmodulin-binding domain of the smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase is examined using 15N and 2H NMR relaxation methods. NMR relaxation studies of the complex were carried out at 13 temperatures that span 288-346 K. The dynamics of the backbone and over four dozen methyl-bearing side chains, distributed throughout the calmodulin molecule, were probed. The side chains show a much more variable and often considerably larger response to temperature than the backbone. A significant variation in the temperature dependence of the amplitude of motion of individual side chains is seen. The amplitude of motion of some side chains is essentially temperature-independent while many show a simple roughly linear temperature dependence. In a few cases, angular order increases with temperature, which is interpreted as arising from interactions with neighboring residues. In addition, a number of side chains display a nonlinear temperature dependence. The significance of these and other results is illuminated by several simple interpretative models. Importantly, analysis of these models indicates that changes in generalized order parameters can be robustly related to corresponding changes in residual entropy. A simple cluster model that incorporates features of cooperative or conditional motion reproduces many of the unusual features of the experimentally observed temperature dependence and illustrates that side chain interactions result in a dynamically changing environment that significantly influences the motion of internal side chains. This model also suggests that the intrinsic entropy of interacting clusters of side chains is only modestly reduced from that of independent side chain motion. Finally, estimates of protein heat capacity support the view that the major contribution to the heat capacity of protein solutions largely arises from local bond vibrations and solvent interactions and not from torsional oscillations of side chains.
author list (cited authors)
Lee, A. L., Sharp, K. A., Kranz, J. K., Song, X., & Wand, A. J.
complete list of authors
Lee, Andrew L||Sharp, Kim A||Kranz, James K||Song, Xiang-Jin||Wand, A Joshua