Chapter Seven Characterization of Internal Protein Dynamics and Conformational Entropy by NMR Relaxation
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Recent studies suggest that the fast timescale motion of methyl-bearing side chains may play an important role in mediating protein activity. These motions have been shown to encapsulate the residual conformational entropy of the folded state that can potentially contribute to the energetics of protein function. Here, we provide an overview of how to characterize these motions using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spin relaxation methods. The strengths and limitations of several techniques are highlighted in order to assist with experimental design. Particular emphasis is placed on the practical aspects of sample preparation, data collection, data fitting, and statistical analysis. Additionally, discussion of the recently refined "entropy meter" is presented and its use in converting NMR observables to conformational entropy is illustrated. Taken together, these methods should yield new insights into the complex interplay between structure and dynamics in protein function.
author list (cited authors)
Stetz, M. A., Caro, J. A., Kotaru, S., Yao, X., Marques, B. S., Valentine, K. G., & Wand, A. J.