Water loading driven size, shape, and composition of cetyltrimethylammonium/hexanol/pentane reverse micelles
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Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/hexanol reverse micelles have found a variety of applications that demand control over physical parameters. Water content or loading is among the most basic tunable components and is the major driver of the physical properties of these systems. This study uses small-angle scattering with contrast variation to characterize these systems as a function of water loading. The scattering data were analyzed with a variety of approaches, resulting in converging physical specifications. Equations that describe basic physical parameters were determined that allow for characterization and manipulation of the CTAB/hexanol reverse micelle surfactant system. The shape of the reverse micelles was revealed to be slightly ellipsoidal and varies slightly through the water loading range. The surfactant shell is shown to contain a higher fraction of hexanol upon addition of water. Analysis reveals that the size, shape, and surfactant/cosurfactant composition are directly tunable by variation of the water content and that these properties are consequences of the balance of forces present in the reverse micelles.
author list (cited authors)
Fuglestad, B., Gupta, K., Wand, A. J., & Sharp, K. A.