Different enzymatic associations in diets of broiler chickens formulated with corn dried at various temperatures.
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The effect of supplementation of different enzymatic associations in the feed of broiler chickens formulated with corn dried at 80C or 110C on growth performance and carcass yield was evaluated. In addition, the influence of the different enzymatic associations on the cecal microbiota was studied. One-day-old male broiler chicks (1,320) were distributed in a completely randomized design in a 25 factorial arrangement (6 replicates; 22 birds/replicate). The treatments were 2 corn drying temperatures (80C and 110C) and 5 diets. The diets consisted of a positive control (PC), a negative control (NC) with a reduction of 100kcal/kg of apparent metabolizable energy, and 3 enzyme combinations added to the NC diet: amylase, amylase+xylanase, and amylase+xylanase+protease. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) from 1 to 7d of chickens fed diets formulated with corn dried at 80C was better (P=0.045) than that of chickens fed diets dried at 110C. Regardless of the enzymatic association, the supplementation improved body weight gain (P=0.01) of the NC group to the same level as the PC group. The FCR of the NC was similar to that of the PC only when the 3 enzymes were included from 1 to 21d(P=0.001) and regardless of the enzymatic association for the period from 1 to 42d(P=0.007). Regarding cecal microbiota, the alpha diversity was similar among the groups (P>0.05). The beta-diversity analysis showed that the microbiota of the birds receiving the combination of the 3 enzymes was similar to that of birds fed the PC diet (P=0.18; R=0.074), with a similar effect observed for the predicted metabolic functions (Linear discriminant analysis effect size). In conclusion, chickens fed diets formulated with corn dried at 80C had better FCR during the prestarter phase. The enzymatic supplementation improved the FCR of the birds, which may partially be explained by the modulation of the cecal microbiota.