Pain Management in Small Ruminants and Camelids: Analgesic Agents. Academic Article uri icon


  • Small ruminants are increasing in popularity as both production and companion animals in the United States. Among sheep, goats, and camelids, there are many disease processes and management techniques that have the potential to result in painful or noxious stimuli. In these species, many medications and therapeutic techniques can be used to reduce or eliminate the long-term consequences of pain. This review focuses on the commonly used medications available for pain management of small ruminants and discusses the benefits and negative aspects of their use.

published proceedings

  • Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Smith, J. S., Schleining, J., & Plummer, P.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Smith, Joe S||Schleining, Jennifer||Plummer, Paul

publication date

  • January 2021