Is it the Inventory, the Meta-Analysis, or the Construct? Reply to the Comments on Marcus, Fulton, and Edens Academic Article uri icon


  • Replies to comments by Neumann et al. (see record 2013-01797-001), Patrick et al. (see record 2013-01797-002), Benning (see record 2013-01797-003), Lilienfeld (see record 2013-01797-004), and Blonigen (see record 2013-01797-005) on the original article by Marcus, Fulton, and Edens (see record 2011-23134-001). We wish to thank all of the authors for their thought-provoking and insightful comments about our meta-analysis. All of the comments addressed two of the major findings from our meta-analysis: (a) that the two factors of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI; Lilienfeld & Andrews, 1996; Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005), Fearless Dominance (FD) and Self-Centered Impulsivity (SCI), are orthogonal or weakly correlated; and (b) that FD was positively correlated with desirable traits indicative of psychological health (i.e., positive emotionality) and negatively associated with traits indicative of distress and psychopathology (i.e., negative emotionality; NEM). Where the commentators differed was in the meaning that they ascribed to this pattern of results.

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Marcus, D. K., Edens, J. F., & Fulton, J. J.

citation count

  • 3

publication date

  • January 2013