Identification of Inhibitors of Integrin Cytoplasmic Domain Interactions With Syk. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Leukocyte inflammatory responses require integrin cell-adhesion molecule signaling through spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), a non-receptor kinase that binds directly to integrin -chain cytoplasmic domains. Here, we developed a high-throughput screen to identify small molecule inhibitors of the Syk-integrin cytoplasmic domain interactions. Screening small molecule compound libraries identified the -lactam antibiotics cefsulodin and ceftazidime, which inhibited integrin -subunit cytoplasmic domain binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Syk (IC50 range, 1.02-4.9 M). Modeling suggested antagonist binding to Syk outside the pITAM binding site. Ceftazidime inhibited integrin signaling via Syk, including inhibition of adhesion-dependent upregulation of interleukin-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, but did not inhibit ITAM-dependent phosphorylation of Syk mediated by FcRI signaling. Our results demonstrate a novel means to target Syk independent of its kinase and pITAM binding sites such that integrin signaling via this kinase is abrogated but ITAM-dependent signaling remains intact. As integrin signaling through Syk is essential for leukocyte activation, this may represent a novel approach to target inflammation.

published proceedings

  • Front Immunol

author list (cited authors)

  • Bakthavatsalam, D., Craft, J. W., Kazansky, A., Nguyen, N., Bae, G., Caivano, A. R., ... Woodside, D. G.

publication date

  • January 1, 2020 11:11 AM